What Is Espresso?

Most of caffeine addicts are commonly lead by the misconception of the real significance of espresso. For some, espresso is a dark, bitter, strong, burnt-flavored roast of coffee that makes your adrenaline go high. But, the truth is, espresso is not a coffee-roast at all.

What the term ‘espresso’ actually stands for is a method of preparing coffee. Hence, there is no plant on Earth that grows espresso beans, so the coffee beans used to make an espresso is actually a blend of various coffee-bean types, or just one particular type of coffee bean.

How Espresso Is Made?

The finely-ground coffee is tightly packed into a portafilter (a special part of the espresso machine) and then high-pressure water is forced through the grounds, which results in concentrating the grounds in small amounts. The key factor of the entire process is intensity.

What Are The Most Popular Espresso Drinks?


Espresso gives the most intense coffee experience that most of coffee enthusiasts are looking for. Hence, we have the opportunity to try out different espresso experiences via:

  • Pure Espresso (ristretto, single shot, lungo and double shot)
  • Espresso Machiatto
  • Espresso con Panna
  • Café Breve
  • Café Latte
  • Café Americano
  • Cappuccino
  • Iced Coffee
  • Flavoured Espresso Drinks

How To Make Pure Espresso?


Since now you are pampered with the fundamentals of the espresso world, it is finally time to see how you can make this magnificent, earthy-flavoured coffee at home.

We are going to start with the ‘brewing variables’ or better said, the things you should consider when making this type of coffee.

  • Water – Keep in mind that the taste of your cup of espresso depends on the quality of water you have used in the coffee preparation. Therefore, unwelcome minerals, scale and sediment will 100% doom your favourite drink, so before you start with the coffee-preparation process, do your homework first and learn something about the quality of water in your home. To ease this task, you can purchase a water test kit that normally comes at easy-on-the-pocket price and can be found in most of hardware stores.
  • Grind – As you have already learnt, the coffee beans you will use to make the perfect cup of coffee need to be cut into small pieces. The truth is, making pure espresso requires much finer grind than rest of methods, so make sure that the coffee particles have the size of table salt.
  • Dose – You probably know that the standard serving size of pure espresso is ‘double shot’. Therefore, to make a doubleshot espresso, you will need 18g – 22g of ground coffee. Normally, adding more coffee will result in enhancing the coffee’s body and intensity. You should feel free to adjust the coffee dose, so that it can ideally match your personal coffee taste and preferences.
  • Tamp – Compacting the ground coffee with a tamper is highly important to restrict the water flow, thus forcing water and coffee to interact. For this reason, ensure a firm and level stamp, as this is a ‘must-do’ for even extraction on.
  • Temperature – For an ideal coffee preparation, you need water that is heated to 195-205ºF. Good news is that latest generations of espresso machines come with state-of-the-art features that allow the user to control (adjust) the right temperature. Usually, low temperatures tend to draw out more brightness, while ‘boosting’ the heat on the flip-side, will consequently lead to roasty-flavour production. If you already own a modern espresso machine, be more than ensured that the machine will do the job for you.
  • Yield – While measuring water input and coffee input is typical for brewed coffee, the same principle does not apply when making espresso. Instead, what counts here is measuring the coffee input and the beverage output. Depending on the particular dose you have chosen and the basket size, 2 ounces of espresso out will be perfect to fill a large-shot glass. Thus, a 30-gram yield is definitely a good start for novices in the coffee world.
  • Time – Once everything is nicely set and done, there will be additional 30 seconds that will set you apart from your first sip of hot, strong, full-bodied pure espresso that will heavenly revive all your senses in a second. Just half a minute for ultimate pleasure and happiness? Not bad, not bad.

What Gear You Will Need To Make Pure Espresso?

Now, let’s see what are the tools you will have to be equipped with to prepare the flawless cup of pure espresso, which will certainly ensure an unforgettable coffee experience.

  • Espresso Machine – It is pretty simple, there is no way to have your daily espresso energy boost, if you do not have a quality and versatile espresso machine. To find one, browse the online market and be guided by good reputation and experience. You can find great deals at plenty of successful sellers/ retailers that offer revolutionary, cutting-edge espresso machines at the most out of affordable prices. You have many options to choose from, so the final word is all yours.
  • Grinder – The common ‘espresso rule’ says: ‘consistently ground coffee makes consistently tasty espresso’. A ‘burr’ grinder will make the perfect choice if you want to get the most out of your coffee beans.
  • Filter – You are already informed that latest editions of espresso machines come with many advanced features that allow simple, fast and quality coffee-making experiences. Since this is a step by step guide for newbies in the world of coffee and coffee preparation, go for a bottomless portafilter or a two-spouted portafilter, including a double basket as well.
  • Tamper – Coffee experts and skillful coffee makers say that to ensure even extraction and secure coffee puck, beginners should choose a tamper that will perfectly fit the portafilter basket. Normally, the vast majority of baskets feature a diameter of 58mm, so if a beginner, consider this an option.